Monday, May 23, 2011 7:40:32 AM
CrakrJak was probably referring to the Byzantine empire, which did go to war with Arabs and Turks who were Muslims. Religion was part of it, kicked off by the massive expansion of Islam by war and conquest. Only part of it, though - the Arabs attacked the Byzantine empire (and everywhere else within range) and that would have caused a war regardless of their motives for attacking.
Although it did start off as the eastern part of the Roman empire, the Byzantine empire was seperate from the beginning and continued diverging. It didn't even have the same main language (Greek was the main language in the Byzantine empire).
Monday, May 23, 2011 5:20:45 AM
Interestingly, some Romans at the time blamed Christianity for the fall of Rome.
There are secular and theological arguments for that.
A key part of the Roman empire was the loyalty of citizens to the state. Some key work that enabled the empire to function was done by wealthy Romans as their service to the state. Christianity ended that loyalty because people were required to be loyal to the church, not the state.
The city of Rome was sacred to their gods. The extraordinary rise of Rome from a small farming community to a multi-continent empire ruling 20% of all people (and that's a conservative estimate) was attributed to the favour of the gods. If Rome turned away from the gods, it would fall. It did turn away from the gods and it did fall soon afterwards.