A half-century ago, the war in Vietnam was escalating, the space race was in full swing, the Beatles were toured America, the bravery of those who marched to Selma led to the passage of the Voting Rights Act, and the St. Louis Arch was completed. The United States occupied the Dominican Republic, Malcolm X was assassinated, NASA's Mariner 4 flew by Mars, race riots erupted in Watts, California, and Muhammad Ali defeated Sonny Liston. Let's go 50 years into the past, for a photographic look at the year 1965.
During the Gemini 4 mission on June 3, 1965, Ed White became the first American to conduct a spacewalk. The spacewalk started at 3:45 p.m. EDT on the third orbit when White opened the hatch and used the hand-held maneuvering oxygen-jet gun to push himself out of the capsule. The EVA started over the Pacific Ocean near Hawaii and lasted 23 minutes, ending over the Gulf of Mexico. Initially, White propelled himself to the end of the 8-meter tether and back to the spacecraft three times using the hand-held gun. After the first three minutes the fuel ran out and White maneuvered by twisting his body and pulling on the tether. In this photograph taken by Commander James McDivitt early in the EVA over a cloud-covered Pacific Ocean, the maneuvering gun is visible in White's right hand.
The heavyweight champion Muhammad Ali stands over the fallen challenger Sonny Liston, shouting and gesturing shortly after dropping Liston with a short hard right to the jaw on May 25, 1965, in Lewiston, Maine. The bout lasted only one minute into the first round.
Spectators divide their attention as the Mount Hermon High School football team in Massachusetts hosts Deerfield Academy during a structure fire in the Mount Hermon science building on November 24, 1965. The science building was destroyed, and Mount Hermon lost the football game, ending a two-year-long winning streak.
A reception dress (left) made of green fancy-colored chiffon, with pants instead of gown, and wide flounces, and an after-ski of violet wool complete with gloves and stockings, handmade of sky-blue wool (right). These are two creations by the Alberto Fabiani fashion house of Rome and Paris, presented at the Florence show of Italian spring and summer fashions in Italy, on January 18, 1965.
Lyndon Johnson takes the oath of office during his second inauguration ceremony in front of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C., on January 20, 1965. Administering the oath is Chief Justice Earl Warren, right. Holding the Bible at center is Lady Bird Johnson, beginning a new tradition.